Collie dog breed update information

Collies are the most popular dog breed because of their intelligence, loyalty, and friendly disposition. They make excellent family pets and are often used as working dogs in herding and search-and-rescue tasks. With their beautiful coats and gentle nature, Collies are cherished companions for many dog lovers around the world. These dogs are quick learners and excel in obedience training, making them great candidates for agility and obedience competitions. Collies require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy, making them an ideal choice for active families. There are some Collie dog breed update information here:

Collie Dog


Collie dogs have a rich history with roots that can be traced back to Scotland, where they originated. The name “Collie” is believed to have been derived from the Scottish dialect word “coaly,” which means black. They became valued working dogs on Scottish farms, and their reputation for being excellent herders and loyal companions spread beyond Scotland. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Collies gained international recognition, thanks in part to their portrayal in literature and popular culture, such as the famous fictional character Lassie. Today, Collies are beloved not only for their herding skills but also for their friendly and family-oriented personalities, making them popular as both working dogs and pets worldwide.

Physical Characteristics:

Size: Collies are medium to large-sized dogs. On average, they stand about 22 to 26 inches (56 to 66 cm) tall at the shoulder and typically weigh between 50 to 75 pounds (23 to 34 kg).

Body: Collies bodies are athletic. They have a strong, slightly elongated frame with a deep chest and a level topline.

Head: The head of a Collie is one of their most distinguishing features. The skull is flat and moderately broad, with a distinct stop (the angle where the forehead meets the muzzle).

Face: Collies have a refined and expressive face. Their lips are tight and clean.

Eyes: Collies eyes expressive and almond-shaped. They come in various colors, including brown, blue, and even merle (a mottled or marbled pattern).

Expression: Collie’s expression is alert, intelligent, and gentle. They have a kind and soulful look in their eyes, which reflects their friendly and loyal nature.


  1. Loyal: Collies are incredibly loyal to their owners and form strong bonds with their families.
  2. Intelligent: Collies are highly intelligent dogs and problem-solving abilities. They are quick learners and excel in obedience training and various dog sports.
  3. Friendly: Collies are typically friendly and sociable with both people and other dogs. They often get along well with other pets in the household.
  4. Energetic: Collies are an active breed and require regular exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. They enjoy activities like running, hiking, and playing fetch.
  5. Sensitive: Collies are very sensitive to their owner’s emotions. They may pick up on changes in their owner’s mood and respond with affection and comfort.

Health Considerations:

  1. Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA): CEA is a genetic condition that affects the eyes of Collies and some other herding breeds. It can cause a range of eye abnormalities, from mild to severe, and may lead to vision impairment in some cases. Responsible breeding practices aim to reduce the prevalence of CEA.
  2. Hip Dysplasia: This is a common orthopedic condition in dogs, including Collies. It involves an abnormal development of the hip joint, which can lead to discomfort and lameness. Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor and manage hip dysplasia.
  3. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is a group of genetic eye diseases that can lead to gradual vision loss and eventually blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect and manage PRA.
  4. Drug Sensitivity: Some Collies have a genetic sensitivity to certain medications, particularly certain types of drugs used for anesthesia and parasite control. This sensitivity can result in adverse reactions, so it’s essential for owners and veterinarians to be aware of it.
  5. Dermatomyositis: This is a hereditary skin disorder that primarily affects Collie puppies. It can cause skin lesions, muscle inflammation, and discomfort.
  6. Bloat (Gastric Torsion): Collies, like many deep-chested breeds, may be at a higher risk of developing bloat, a potentially life-threatening condition where the stomach twists. Feeding smaller, frequent meals and avoiding vigorous exercise immediately after eating can help reduce the risk.
  7. Thyroid Disorders: Collies can be prone to thyroid issues, including hypothyroidism, which can affect their metabolism and overall health. Regular thyroid function testing can help identify and manage these conditions.


  1. Brushing: Collies have a long and dense double coat with a soft undercoat and a longer outer coat. Regular brushing is essential to prevent matting and remove loose hair. Brush your Collie at least a few times a week, if not daily, to keep their coat in good condition.
  2. Bathing: Collies do not require frequent baths unless they get exceptionally dirty or smelly. Over-bathing can strip their coat of natural oils, so it’s best to bathe them only when necessary, using a mild dog shampoo.
  3. Ear Care: Collies have ears that can be prone to ear infections due to their shape and hair in the ear canals. Regularly check and clean their ears, and keep them dry to prevent infections.
  4. Nail Trimming: Trim your Collie’s nails regularly to prevent them from becoming too long and causing discomfort or problems with their gait. If you’re not comfortable doing this yourself, your veterinarian or a professional groomer can help.
  5. Dental Care: Good oral hygiene is essential for all dogs. Brush your Collie’s teeth regularly to prevent dental issues. Dental chews and toys can also help keep their teeth clean.

Bulldog dog breeds information Table:

Name: CollieOther Name: Rough Collie/Smooth Collie
Area of originScotland
Breed groupHerding Group
Height24 to 26 inches (61 to 66 cm) [Male]
22 to 24 inches (56 to 61 cm) [Female]
Weight60 to 75 pounds (27 to 34 kg) [Male]
50 to 65 pounds (23 to 29 kg) [Female]
Life span10 to 14 years

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